Testing and evaluation of standoff chemical agent detectors by National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Testing and Evaluation of Standoff Chemical Agent Detectors.

Cover of: Testing and evaluation of standoff chemical agent detectors | National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Testing and Evaluation of Standoff Chemical Agent Detectors.

Published by National Academies Press in Washington, D.C .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Chemical agents (Munitions) -- Remote sensing.,
  • Chemical detectors -- Testing.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references.

Book details

StatementCommittee on Testing and Evaluation of Standoff Chemical Agent Detectors, Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology, Division on Earth and Life Studies, National Research Council.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsUG447 .N33434 2003
The Physical Object
Paginationxi, 53 p.
Number of Pages53
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3323641M
ISBN 100309087406
LC Control Number2004296427
OCLC/WorldCa52452041

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter."National Research Council. Testing and Evaluation of Standoff Chemical Agent gton, DC: The National Academies. Download a PDF of "Testing and Evaluation of Standoff Chemical Agent Detectors" by the National Research Council for free.

Download a PDF of "Testing and Evaluation of Standoff Chemical Agent Detectors" by the National Research Council for free.

A PDF is a digital representation of the print book, so while it can be loaded into most e. Get this from a library. Testing and evaluation of standoff chemical agent detectors. [National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Testing and Evaluation of Standoff Chemical Agent Detectors.].

The report provides an independent assessment of suitable test protocols that might be useful and reliable for the testing and evaluation of standoff chemical agent detectors. The report proposes two testing protocols, one for passive detectors and one for active detectors, to help ensure the reliable detection of a release of chemical warfare Author: National Research Council.

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Testing And Evaluation Of Standoff Chemical Agent Detectors. Author: National Research Council independent assessment of suitable test protocols that might be.

The report provides an independent assessment of suitable test protocols that might be useful and reliable for the testing and evaluation of standoff chemical agent detectors. The report proposes two testing protocols, one for passive detectors and one for active detectors, to help ensure the reliable detection of a release of chemical warfare.

Standoff chemical agent detection Because of its versatility, infrared spectroradiometry is used in several measurement applications defense and security applications. The ability to interrogate light that has interacted with a target by means of reflection, absorption or.

Keywords: Quantum cascade laser, standoff surface contaminant detection, reflection spectroscopy, least squares, maximum likelihood estimate, chemical warfare agent detection, explosives detection 1. INTRODUCTION There is a continued need by law enforcement agencies and the military for sensor technologies that are capable of non-File Size: 2MB.

However, testing the effectiveness of biological standoff detection systems is difficult because open-air field tests with biological warfare agents are not permitted under international conventions. In addition, the wide variety of environments in which detectors might be used may affect their performance.

Test and Evaluation of Biological Standoff Detection Systems: Abbreviated Version [National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Life Sciences, Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology, Committee on Test and Evaluation of Biological Standoff Detection Systems] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Test and Evaluation of Biological Standoff. Appendix C. Risk assessment in the testing, evaluation, and use of standoff detectors; Appendix D. Acronyms and glossary of terms. The report provides an independent assessment of suitable test protocols that might be useful and reliable for the testing and.

Testing of Commercially Available Detectors against Chemical Warfare Agents: Summary Report 1. INTRODUCTION Inresponding to Public Law -the Department of Defense (DOD) formed the Domestic Preparedness Program.

One of the objectives is to enhance federal, state and local capabilities to respond to NBC terrorism incidents. the toxic chemical agent at the scene. Customers range from governments to industries worldwide. Toxic Industrial Chemicals The support we offer includes in-house laboratory testing, operational testing and evaluation of chemical detectors, including sensors and sensor arrays.

In addition, TNO can provide consultancy during chemical. Standoff Radiation Detectors Assessment Report 2. EVALUATION CRITERIA The SAVER Program assesses products based on criteria in five established categories: • Affordability groups criteria related to the total cost of ownership over the life of the product.

This includes purchase price, training costs, warranty costs, recurring costs. Standoff Detection. Current methods of screening vehicles for explosive threats primarily rely upon what the agents can see during physical inspections. These. The U.S. Army Edgewood Chemical Biological Center (ECBC) is the United States’s principal research and development resource for non-medical chemical and biological (CB) defense.

As a critical national asset in the CB defense community, ECBC supports all phases of the acquisition life-cycle ― from basic and applied research through technology development, engineering design, equipment Garrison/HQ: Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland.

The Joint Service Lightweight Standoff Chemical Agent Detector is a small, fully-automatic, standoff chemical agent detector. The unit is capable of on-the-move, real-time detection from either. Realistic testing of chemical and biological defense systems requires an actual warfare agent.

But use of such an agent is restricted to laboratory containment chambers, which are not realistic. EPA /R/ August Technology Evaluation Report.

Testing and Evaluation. of Handheld Toxic Industrial Chemical Detectors. chemical agent simulants at stand-off di stances of ~ m on several different su rfaces at varying c oncentration levels, but not down to sensitivity lev el required for military reco nnaissance.

Summary of Temperature and RH Conditions for Testing RH (%) 20 50 (±5) 80 (±5) Temperature (°C) 8 (±3) ~ X ~ 22 (±3) X X X 35 (±3) ~ X X Chemical Interferences Table lists the six chemical mixtures or compounds used to test the interference response of the handheld chemical detectors: latex paint fumes, ammonia cleaner, air.

detector for standoff detection of chemical agent clouds. All known chemical warfare agents (CWA) and critical Toxic Industrial Chemicals (TIC) are monitored, detected and identified automatically.

This system, built to exacting Military Standards, can be mounted on a File Size: 2MB. is known as the Joint Chemical Agent Detector (JCAD). The LCD is shown in Figure 4. Sensor control and data downloads were performed using its RS interface port. For flight testing using simulants the sensor’s firmware was modified to enable detection of methyl salicylate (MES), which is typically used in field testing.

Figure 4. formulations, standoff chemical detection, chemical-biological agent water monitoring, chemical point detectors with Toxic Industrial Chemical/Toxic Industrial Material/New Threat Agent capabilities, and biological agent identifiers and triggers.

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The Joint Service Lightweight Standoff Chemical Agent Detector (JSLSCAD) is a lightweight, passive, standoff chemical agent detector. The JSLSCAD will increase warfighter protection and maneuver unit combat capabilities through enhanced early warning for contamination avoidance.

It will provide on-the-move detection, identification, mapping, and. The National Institute of Justice (NIJ) is the focal point for providing support to State and local law enforcement agencies in the development of counterterrorism technology and standards, including technological needs for chemical and biological defense.

In recognizing the needs of State and local. Separation and detection technologies make use of the attributes of a chemical that distinguish it from other chemical compounds and make it detectable by sensors (NRC, ).

Distinguishing attributes include chemical reactions that cause color changes; the mass-to-charge ratio of the molecule; absorption and scattering of electromagnetic energy, particularly in the infrared to microwave Author: Technical Systems, Thomas E.

McKone, Beverly M. Huey, Edward Downing, Laura M. Duffy. He has served on several National Research Council committees, including the Committee on Assuring the Safety of the Defense Department’s Mail, the Committee on Testing and Evaluation of Standoff Chemical Agent Detectors, and the Subcommittee on Manufactured Vitreous Fibers, and he is currently a member of the Standing Committee on Risk.

real-time point and standoff intelligence for field assessment of NBC hazards; the Joint Service Light Standoff Chemical Agent Detector (JSLSCAD), a chemical vapor detection system that will furnish degree on-the-move coverage from ground, air, and sea-based platforms at distances of up to five kilometers, and the.

Infrared Scene Simulation for Chemical Standoff Detection System Evaluation Peter Mantica, Chris Lietzke, Jer Zimmermann ITT Industries, Advanced Engineering and Sciences Division Fort Wayne, Indiana Fran D’Amico Edgewood Chemical Biological Center Edgewood, MDFile Size: KB.

Spectrum Photonics Inc. has been awarded a $16, cost-plus-fixed-fee contract for advanced development of a portable system for real-time standoff detection and identification of trace chemical residues on surfaces using active infrared spectroscopy at a meter range. In measurements of chemical agent simulants and actual chemical agents during a 2 week period, the MRLS successfully detected and identified chemical agent simulants at standoff distances of ~ m on several different surfaces at varying concentration levels, but not down to sensitivity level required for military reconnaissance by: 2.

Properties of chemical warfare agents 7 Detection of chemical warfare agents 9 Existing equipment 9 Estimation of gas concentrations from liquid vaporization 9 3 Technologies for standoff detection 12 Techniques using an active laser 13 Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy 13 Raman spectroscopy 14File Size: KB.

Scientists testing new detector for chemical agents As the threat of terrorism and the use of chemical and biological agents increase, new detectors are being developed that may help weapons. The ideal detection system for threat agents, whether these threats are explosives, chemical and biological agents, or illicit drugs, would possess high sensitivity (i.e., be capable of detecting threats present only at trace levels), be able to discern a threat amidst a real world background, possess a standoff capability, be straightforward Cited by: 8.

The Joint Service Lightweight Standoff Chemical Agent Detector is a small, fully-automatic, standoff chemical agent detector. The unit is capable of on-the-move, real-time detection from either aerial or surface platforms.

The unit will detect and alarm to a chemical agent cloud up to 5 kilometers away. Standoff Detection and Imaging. Standoff detection takes place at greater distances from people and vital assets to reduce the potential for severe damage.

Some standoff methods focus on chemical identification to detect explosives, breakdown products, and/or other precursors. Other standoff methods—including imaging, which relies on video.

The U.S. Department of Homeland Security DHS S&T Explosive Division (EXD) is seeking proposals to support development of technologies for the Standoff Explosives Trace Detection Program.

The program will develop explosive threat detection technologies for implementation in a variety of operational environments. Currently, the program is focused on vehicle-borne threats.

Testing And Evaluation Of Standoff Chemical Agent Detectors; Information And Communications: Challenges For The Chemical Sciences In The 21st Century; Energy And Transportation: Challenges For The Chemical Sciences In The 21st Century (sackler Nas Colloquium) Chemical Communication In A Post-genomic World.This specification presents baseline performance requirements and additional optional capabilities for stationary point chemical vapor detectors (SPCVD) designed for continuous, 24 hours a day 7 days a week, monitoring of public, non-industrial facilities.

The large Joint Ambient Breeze Tunnel or Active Standoff Chamber employ simulated chemical or biological agent to create a cloud that challenges point .

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